By Abdullah Al-Arian

whilst progressive hero Gamal Abdel Nasser dismantled and suppressed Egypt's biggest social circulation association throughout the Nineteen Fifties, few may have imagined that the Muslim Brotherhood wouldn't merely reemerge, yet might someday compete for the presidency within the nation's first ever democratic election. whereas there isn't any scarcity of analyses of the Muslim Brotherhood's fresh political successes and screw ups, no learn has investigated the organization's successful go back from the dustbin of history.

Answering the decision examines the ability through which the Muslim Brotherhood was once reconstituted in the course of Anwar al-Sadat's presidency. via research of structural, ideological, and social advancements in this interval within the background of the Islamic move, a extra exact photograph of the so-called "Islamic resurgence" develops-one that represents the rebirth of an previous suggestion in a brand new setting.

The Muslim Brotherhood's good fortune in rebuilding its association rested largely on its skill to draw a brand new new release of Islamic activists that had come to rework Egypt's schools and universities right into a hub for non secular competition opposed to the nation. Led through teams similar to al-Gama'ah al-Islamiyyah (The Islamic Society), the scholar stream exhibited a dynamic and colourful tradition of activism that came upon notion in a mess of highbrow and organizational resources, of which the Muslim Brotherhood was once merely one.

By the shut of the Seventies, even though, inner divisions over ideology and procedure resulted in the increase of factionalism in the scholar stream. A majority of scholar leaders opted to extend the scope in their activist challenge by way of becoming a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, rejuvenating the suffering association, and launching a brand new part in its history.

Answering the decision is an unique learn of the historical past of this dynamic and colourful interval of recent Egyptian historical past, giving readers a clean figuring out of 1 of Egypt's so much pivotal eras.

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